When opening a website using your favorite browser, you normally find HTTP right in the front of particular web address. HTTP itself is considered as network protocol. It is a common protocol used throughout World Wide Web. Due to the rapid development of technology, this network protocol is upgraded as well. The upgraded version is called as HTTP/2. What makes them different? Let’s start with something simple such as what it stands for. Formerly, HTTP stands for HyperText Transfer Protocol. As original version, it is called as HTTP 1.1. Therefore, the upgraded version is called as HTTP/2.0. In order to make it shorter, they change it into HTTP/2.
All You Need to Know about HTTP/2
1. Its developer
HTTP/2 is developed by Hypertext Transfer Protocol working group httpbis. Bis here means the second; hence they use 2 in the name of this breakthrough. The developer of this working group is part of Internet Engineering Task Force. Even though it has been proposed since December 2014, the approval of its use is completed at February 2015. It is being used widely for public use since May 2015.
2. Standardization efforts
Since it is a new network protocol, it should follow the standard used for the previous version of network protocol. Therefore, several efforts of standardization are performed in order to make sure that it can be used without any problems in the future. When accessing any website using network protocol, people have their own preference in terms of browser. The developer overcome this problem by standardized the network protocol for any browsers. List of browsers that support this new network protocol are including Firefox, Opera, Chrome, Safari, and even Internet Explorer. Even though it has been standardized based on major browser, it might experience some problem when being accessed from other browser.
3. Negotiation mechanism
Plenty of clients and servers still use the old version of network protocol. Instead of changing the clients and servers preference, the developer of HTTP/2 works on the negotiation mechanism. The negotiation mechanism makes this new network protocol able to adapt with the system used by clients and servers. It is also interesting to point out that server with non-HTTP protocols still able to access website with HTTP/2 protocol.
4. Performance improvement
When being accessed through particular server, HTTP already has satisfying performance. That being said, the performance of this latest network protocol version is improved. The improvement is mostly to reduce latency during the process. Reducing the latency means that it is capable of improving the load speed. It is able to achieve it by several methods, including compressing the data on HTTP header, channeling the requests, repairing the blocking problem on the head of line in the previous network protocol version.
5. No changes required
Users who want to gain access on website with HTTP/2 protocol does not have to change anything. This benefit is because of the negotiation mechanism performed by its developer. The previous application still works to access website using the new network protocol. In return, the website will be able to be accessed faster.
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